Impact of oil blend in formula on fatty acids balance

Palm olein is used in many infant formulas. Clinical studies have documented that babies fed formulas containing palm olein as a major fat source absorbed significantly less fat and calcium than infants fed formulas without palm olein.1,2

In a newly published prospective randomized double-blind clinical trial, Souza and colleagues evaluated the effects of infant formulas containing palm olein on the absorption and loss of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, an important fatty acid for brain development) in healthy term babies.3 Researchers compared two commercially available infant formulas: a formula containing palm olein and a no palm olein formula. They found that stool excretion of DHA (loss of DHA) relative to DHA intake in the palm olein group was 17.03%, whereas excretion of DHA relative to DHA intake in the no palm olein group was significantly lower at 2.59% (or 6.57 times lower). Results also showed that DHA absorption was significantly higher in the no palm olein group (p=0.038).

DHA-Babies

This study demonstrated that the fat blend in infant formula makes a difference in the magnitude at which DHA is absorbed by babies.

References
1. Nelson SE, et al. J Am Coll Nutr. 1998;17: 327–32.
2. Koo WW, et al. J Am Coll Nutr. 2006;25:117–22.
3. Souza CO, et al. Lipids in Health and Disease. 2017;16:78.


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